Faculty Directory
Zdenek P. Bažant

McCormick Institute Professor, Walter P. Murphy Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Material Science and Engineering

Contact

2145 Sheridan Road
Tech A135
Evanston, IL 60208-3109

847-491-4025Email Zdenek Bažant

Website

Personal Profile


Departments

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Materials Science and Engineering

Affiliations

Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Graduate Program


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Education

C.E. ("Civil Engineer"), 1960, Civil Engineering Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic

Ph.D., 1963, Engineering Mechanics Czechoslovak Academy of Science, Prague, Czech Republic

Postgraduate Diploma, 1966, Theoretical Physics, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Docent (habilitatis), 1967, Concrete Structures, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic

Registration: Illinois Registered Structural Engineer (S.E.), since 1971


Research Interests

 

My interests lie in new interdisciplinary problems of the mechanics of solids and structures, with applications in structural, mechanical and aeronautical engineering, materials science, geophysics and petroleum engineering. My research group works on nonlinear fracture mechanics, size effects and scaling of failure, stability of structures, micromechanics of damage in materials, inelastic constitutive laws, creep and hygrothermal effects in nanoporous materials, chemo-mechanics, failure of fiber composites, hydraulic fracturing of shale, geothermal energy, impact problems, probabilistic mechanics of quasibrittle structures, plasticity and finite strain, with related numerical methods. Our research, which emphasizes mathematical modeling based on experiments, has been focused on concrete, rock, sea ice, braided and woven composites for automobile crashworthiness, hybrid joints for ships, rigid foams, shape memory alloys, dry snow slabs, fracking of gas shale, probabilistic analysis of quasibrittle failure, especially the tail distribution of strength, probability of static and fatigue lifetime, failure probability of biomimetic (architectured, nacreous) materials, predictions of creep and shrinkage effects in concrete structures, formulation of standards for concrete and ceramics, and applications to gas shale, fiber-polymer composites for aircraft and ships, metallic thin films, reinforced concrete structures and granular materials.

 


Significant Recognition

  • Member NAS, NAE, AAAS , Royal Society of London; National Academies of Austria, Czech Republic, Italy (dei Lincei), India, Spain and Lombardy; Academia Europaea, and Eur. Academy of Science and Art
  • 7 honorary doctorates (TU Prague, TU Karlsruhe, UC Boulder, Milan Poly, INSA, TU Vienna, Ohio State)
  • Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art, 1st Class” (from President of Austria)
  • ASME Medal, and ASME Timoshenko, Nadai & Warner Medals
  • ASCE von Karman, Freudenthal, Newmark, Biot, Mindlin and Croes Medals and TY Lin, Huber Prize and Lifetime Achievement Awards
  • SES Prager Medal
  • Honorary Member of ASCE, ASME, ACI and RILEM
  • W.Exner Medal, Austria Gov.-Industry Assoc.; RILEM L’Hermite Medal; Am. Ceramic Soc. Roy Award; Torroja Medal (Spain); Solin, Bazant Sr. & Stodola Medals (Czech Rep., Slovakia); IACMAG Outstanding Contrib. Award; ICOSSAR Award; SEAOI Meritorious Paper Award; Best Engrg. Book of the Year (SAP); Medal of Czech Soc. for Mech.; One of the original Top 100 ISI Highly Cited Scientists in Engrg.; Winner of Mathematical Olympics of Czechoslovakia 1955
  • ASCE Created in 2015 ZP Bazant Medal for Failure and Damage Prevention
  • CSM, Prague, Created ZP Bazant Prize for Engineering Mechanics

Significant Professional Service

  • Past President of Society of Engineering Sciences, Founding President of IA-FraMCoS and of IA-ConCreep
  • Past Editor-in-Chief of ASCE J. of Engineering Mechanics
  • Officer of National Academy of Sciences (NAS), and Chair of several society committees

Selected Publications

  • Cunbao Li, Viet T. Chau, Heping Xie, Zdenek P Bazant, “Recent advances in mechanics of fracking and new results on 2D simulation of crack branching in anisotropic gas or oil shale”, Acta Mechanica, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Creep and hygrothermal effects in concrete structures”, IUTAM Bookseries, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Preface”, IUTAM Bookseries, (2018)
  • Hoang Nguyen, Saeed Rahimi-Aghdam, Zdenek P Bazant, “Time lag in measuring pore humidity in concrete by a gage in finite cavity”, Materials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions, (2018)
  • Robert Sinko, Zdenek P Bazant, Sinan Keten, “A nanoscale perspective on the effects of transverse microprestress on drying creep of nanoporous solids”, Proceedings of The Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Basic properties of concrete creep, shrinkage, and drying”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Effect of cracking and fracture mechanics aspects of creep and shrinkage analysis”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Fundamentals of linear viscoelasticity”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Introduction”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Microprestress-solidification theory and creep at variable humidity and temperature”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Moisture transport in concrete”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Numerical analysis of creep problems”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Paradigms of application, phenomena affecting creep deformations, and comparisons to measurements on structures”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Physical and statistical justifications of models B3 and B4 and comparisons to other models”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Solidification theory for aging effect on stiffness and basic creep”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Structural effects of creep and age-adjusted effective modulus method”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Temperature effect on water diffusion, hydration rate, creep and shrinkage”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Zdenek P Bazant, Milan Jirsek, “Uncertainty due to parameter randomness via sampling of deterministic solutions”, Solid Mechanics and its Applications, (2018)
  • Robert J Frosch, Qiang Yu, Gianluca Cusatis, Zdenek P Bazant, “A Unified Approach to Shear Design”, Concrete International, (2017)
  • Wen Luo, Zdenek P Bazant, “Fishnet statistics for probabilistic strength and scaling of nacreous imbricated lamellar materials”, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, (2017)
  • Wen Luo, Zdenek P Bazant, “Fishnet model for failure probability tail of nacre-like imbricated lamellar materials”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, (2017)
  • Jia Liang Le, Zdenek P Bazant, “Mechanics of Collapse of WTC Towers Clarified by Recent Column Buckling Tests of Korol and Sivakumaran”, SPE Western Regional/AAPG Pacific Section Joint Meeting, (2017)
  • Abdullah Dönmez, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Size effect on punching strength of reinforced concrete slabs with and without shear reinforcement”, ACI Structural Journal, (2017)
  • , “Probabilistic Mechanics of Quasibrittle Structures: Strength, Lifetime, and Size Effect.”, Cambridge University Press, (2017)
  • Jia Liang Le, Zden?k P. Bazant, “Mechanics-based mathematical studies proving spontaneity of post-impact WTC towers collapse”, Europhysics News, (2017)
  • Viet T. Chau, Cunbao Li, Saeed Rahimi-Aghdam, Zdenek P. Ba?ant, “The Enigma of Large-Scale Permeability of Gas Shale”, Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME, (2017)
  • Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Saeed Rahimi-Aghdam, “Diffusion-controlled and creep-mitigated asr damage via microplane model. I”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics - ASCE, (2017)
  • Saeed Rahimi-Aghdam, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Ferhun C. Caner, “Diffusion-controlled and creep-mitigated asr damage via microplane model. II”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics - ASCE, (2017)
  • Saeed Rahimi-Aghdam, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, M. J. Abdolhosseini Qomi, “Cement hydration from hours to centuries controlled by diffusion through barrier shells of C-S-H”, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, (2017)
  • Cunbao Li, Ferhun C. Caner, Viet T. Chau, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Spherocylindrical microplane constitutive model for shale and other anisotropic rocks”, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, (2017)
  • Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Viet T. Chau, Saeed Rahimi-Aghdam, “Three-Phase Cracked Porous Medium”, Poromechanics 2017 - Proceedings of the 6th Biot Conference on Poromechanics, (2017)
  • Kedar Kirane, Konjengbam Darunkumar Singh, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Size effect in torsional strength of plain and reinforced concrete”, ACI Structural Journal, (2016)
  • Marco Salviato, Kedar Kirane, Shiva Esna Ashari, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Gianluca Cusatis, “Experimental and numerical investigation of intra-laminar energy dissipation and size effect in two-dimensional textile composites”, Composites Science and Technology, (2016)
  • Jia Liang Le, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Mechanics of Collapse of WTC Towers Clarified by Recent Column Buckling Tests of Korol and Sivakumaran”, International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, (2016)
  • Marco Salviato, Viet T. Chau, Weixin Li, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Gianluca Cusatis, “Direct testing of gradual postpeak softening of fracture specimens of fiber composites stabilized by enhanced grip stiffness and mass”, Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME, (2016)
  • Viet T. Chau, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Yewang Su, “Growth model for large branched three-dimensional hydraulic crack system in gas or oil shale”, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, (2016)
  • Zdenek P. Bazant, Viet Chau, “New Frontiers in Oil and Gas Exploration”, Springer, (2016)
  • Qiang Yu, Jia Liang Le, Mija H. Hubler, Roman Wendner, Gianluca Cusatis, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Comparison of main models for size effect on shear strength of reinforced and prestressed concrete beams”, Structural Concrete, (2016)
  • Kedar Kirane, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Size effect in Paris law and fatigue lifetimes for quasibrittle materials”, International Journal of Fatigue, (2016)
  • Kedar Kirane, Marco Salviato, Zdenek P. Bazant, “Microplane-Triad Model for Elastic and Fracturing Behavior of Woven Composites”, Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME, (2016)
  • Kedar Kirane, Marco Salviato, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Microplane triad model for simple and accurate prediction of orthotropic elastic constants of woven fabric composites”, Journal of Composite Materials, (2016)
  • Abdullah Dönmez, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Shape factors for concrete shrinkage and drying creep in model B4 refined by nonlinear diffusion analysis”, Materials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions, (2016)
  • Robert Sinko, Matthieu Vandamme, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Sinan Keten, “Transient effects of drying creep in nanoporous solids”, Proceedings of The Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, (2016)
  • Marco Salviato, Kedar Kirane, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Nanomechanics based theory of size effect on strength, lifetime and residual strength distributions of quasibrittle failure”, 12th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering, ICASP 2015, (2015)
  • Z. P. Bazant, V. T. Chau, Y. Su, M. Salviato, “Crack band approach to model 3D hydraulic fracturing of gas shale stratum”, 49th US Rock Mechanics / Geomechanics Symposium 2015, (2015)
  • Jia Liang Le, Zdenk P. Bazant, “Mechanics-based modeling of strength distribution of concrete structures”, American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication, (2015)
  • Qiang Yu, Zdenek P. Bazant, “Shear strength of reinforced concrete beams”, American Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication, (2015)
  • Z. P. Ba?ant, A. Donmez, E. Masoero, S. Rahimi Aghdam, “Interaction of Concrete Creep, Shrinkage and Swelling with Water, Hydration, and Damage”, CONCREEP 2015: Mechanics and Physics of Creep, Shrinkage, and Durability of Concrete and Concrete Structures - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Mechanics and Physics of Creep, Shrinkage, and Durability of Concrete and Concrete Structures, (2015)
  • M. Vandamme, Z. P. Ba?ant, S. Keten, “Numerical Study of the Creep of Slit Nanopores”, CONCREEP 2015: Mechanics and Physics of Creep, Shrinkage, and Durability of Concrete and Concrete Structures - Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Mechanics and Physics of Creep, Shrinkage, and Durability of Concrete and Concrete Structures, (2015)
  • Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Mija H. Hubler, Qiang Yu, “Damage in prestressed concrete structures due to creep and shrinkage of concrete”, Handbook of Damage Mechanics: Nano to Macro Scale for Materials and Structures, (2015)
  • Kedar Kirane, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Microplane damage model for fatigue of quasibrittle materials”, International Journal of Fatigue, (2015)
  • Ferhun C. Caner, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Erratum to Microplane model M7 for plain concrete. I”, Journal of Engineering Mechanics - ASCE, (2015)
  • Matthieu Vandamme, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Sinan Keten, “Creep of lubricated layered nano-porous solids and application to cementitious materials”, Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics, (2015)
  • R. Wendner, G. Boumakis, M. Hubler, Z. P. Ba?ant, “Model B4”, Life-Cycle of Structural Systems: Design, Assessment, Maintenance and Management - Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE 2014, (2015)
  • Roman Wendner, Jan Vorel, Jovanca Smith, Christian G. Hoover, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, Gianluca Cusatis, “Characterization of concrete failure behavior”, Materials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions, (2015)
  • Kedar Kirane, Yewang Su, Zden?k P. Ba?ant, “Strain-rate-dependent microplane model for high-rate comminution of concrete under impact based on kinetic energy release theory”, Proceedings of The Royal Society of London, Series A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences, (2015)