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Tunable Lasers to Improve Infrared Spectroscopy

The lasers are single-chip, solid-state, and offer high-power rapid tuning

A new development from Northwestern Engineering’s Manijeh Razeghi could be another tool for protecting our borders.

Supported by the Department of Homeland Security, Razeghi’s lab has created a new, revolutionary, broad-band tunable infrared laser that has major implications for the detection of drugs and explosives.

The robust, all solid-state laser can be rapidly tuned to emit in the wavelength range that encompasses the critical “fingerprint” region where most molecular features are absorbed and identified through infrared sensing. In experiments, the laser has demonstrated its ability to capture the unique spectral fingerprint of gases.

Manijeh Razeghi“The only moving part in the entire system is the fan used to keep the laser cool,” said Manijeh Razeghi, Walter P. Murphy Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. “This is a major advantage over existing systems that require mechanical parts to achieve tuning, and we expect to demonstrate remarkable stability.”

The initial, patent-pending results have been published in the June 8 issue of Nature Scientific Reports. The research and development of the laser system is the culmination of more than 18 years of quantum cascade laser development work at Northwestern’s Center for Quantum Devices.

The laser has been integrated into a system that contains all of the laser driver electronics and tuning software necessary for integration into a spectroscopy system. It produces a stable, single-aperture spot less than 3 millimeters in diameter that is suitable for standoff detection and is capable of linear or random access scanning with stabilization times of less than 1 millisecond per wavelength.

This work was supported by the Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate, National Science Foundation, Naval Air Systems Command, DARPA, and NASA.