# Faculty DirectorySelim Shahriar

Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

## Contact

2145 Sheridan RoadTech Room M248

Evanston, IL 60208-3109

847-491-5306Email Selim Shahriar

## Website

Laboratory for Atomic and Photonic Technology

## Departments

Electrical and Computer Engineering

## Education

Ph.D. Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT, Cambridge, MA

S.M. Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT, Cambridge, MA

S.B. Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT, Cambridge, MA

S.B. Physics, MIT, Cambridge, MA

## Research Interests

Superluminal ring lasers for rotation sensing, accelerometry, vibrometry and gravitational wave detection; White light cavity based on fast light for data buffering and gravitational wave detection; Low light level optical switching with nano-fibers; Quantum communication and quantum computing with atomic ensembles; Analog and digital holographic high speed recognition of images and video clips in scale, rotation and shift invariant manner; Polarimetric imaging using high speed atomic polarizer and waveplate; Collective state atomic interferometry and collective state atomic clock; Chip scale vapor atomic clock and compact cold atom Raman clock; Nanolithography using BEC; High-speed; High-speed optical modulation using buffer-gas loaded atomic vapor; Graphene based electronics; Plasmonics enhanced novel light sources; Spin-squeezed precision metrology.

## Selected Publications

“Enhancement of Sensitivity-Bandwidth Product of Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors using White Light Cavities,” M. Salit and M.S. Shahriar, J. Opt. 12, 104014 (2010)

“Superluminal ring laser for hypersensitive sensing,” H.N. Yum, M. Salit, J. Yablon, K. Salit, Y. Wang, and M.S. Shahirar, Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 17, pp. 17658-17665 (2010)

“Distortion free pulse delay system using a pair of tunable white light cavities” H. N. Yum, M. E. Kim, Y. J. Jang, and M. S. Shahriar, Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 7, pp 6705 (2011)

“Pulse delay via tunable white light cavities using fiber optic resonators”, H.N. Yum, X. Liu, Y. Jang, M. Kim, and M.S. Shahriar, Journal Of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 29, No. 18, September 15 (2011)

“Ultra-Low Power, Zeno Effect Based Optical Modulation in a Degenerate V-System with a Tapered Nanofiber in Atomic Vapor,” K. Salit, M. Salit, K. Subramanian, Y. Wang, P. Kumar, and M.S. Shahriar, Optics Express, Vol. 19, No. 23, 22874 (2011)

“Observation of query pulse length dependent Ramsey interference in rubidium vapor using pulsed Raman excitation,” G. S. Pati, F. K. Fatemi, and M.S. Shahriar, Optics Express, Vol. 19, No. 23, 22388 (2011)

“Connecting processing-capable quantum memories over telecommunication links via quantum frequency conversion,” M.S. Shahriar, P. Kumar, and P.R. Hemmer, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45, 124018 (June, 2012).

“High efficiency optical modulation at a telecom wavelength using the quantum Zeno effect in a ladder transition in Rb atoms,” S. Krishnamurthy, Y. Wang, Y. Tu, S. Tseng, and M.S. Shahriar, Optics Express 13798, Vol. 20, No. 13, 18 June (2012).

“Visualization of superluminal pulses inside a white light cavity using plane wave spatio temporal transfer functions,” H. N. Yum, Y. J. Jang, X. Liu, and M. S. Shahriar, Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 17, pp. 18898-18910, 13 August (2012).

“Enhanced sensitivity of the LIGO gravitational wave detector by using squeezed states of light,” J. Aasi et al., Nature Photonics, Vol. 7, pp. 613-619 (Aug, 2013)

“Demonstration of white light cavity effect using stimulated Brillouin scattering in a fiber loop,” H. N. Yum, J. Scheuer, Senior Member, IEEE, M. Salit, P. R. Hemmer and M. S. Shahriar, Journal of Lightwave Technology, 31 No. 23, 3865-3872 (Dec, 2013)

“Trap-door optical buffering using top-flat coupled microring filter: the superluminal cavity approach,” J. Scheuer and M. S. Shahriar, Optics Letters Vol. 38, Iss. 18, pp. 3534–3537 (Sept, 2013)

“Optically controlled polarizer using a ladder transition for high speed Stokesmetric Imaging and Quantum Zeno Effect based optical logic,” K. Subramanian, Y. Wang, S. Tseng, Y. Tu, and M.S. Shahriar, Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 24514-24531 (Oct, 2013).

“Hybrid Optoelectronic Correlator Architecture for Shift Invariant Target Recognition,” Mehjabin S. Monjur, Shih Tseng, Renu Tripathi, John Donoghue, and M.S. Shahriar, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 41-47, (January, 2014).

“Constraints on Cosmic Strings from the LIGO-Virgo Gravitational-Wave Detectors,” J. Aasi et al., Physical Review Letters 112, 131101, pp. 1-10, (April, 2014).

“Search for Gravitational Waves Associated with γ-ray Bursts Detected by the Interplanetary Network,” J. Aasi et al., Physical Review Letters 113, 011102, pp. 1-10, (July, 2014).

“Incorporation of Polar Mellin Transform in a Hybrid Optoelectronic Correlator for Scale and Rotation Invariant Target Recognition,” Mehjabin S. Monjur, Shih Tseng, Renu Tripathi, and M.S. Shahriar, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, Vol. 31, No. 6, pp. 1259-1272 (June 2014)

“Optically controlled waveplate at a telecom wavelength using a ladder transition in Rb atoms for all-optical switching and high speed Stokesmetric imaging,” S. Krishnamurthy, Y. Tu, Y. Wang, S. Tseng, and M.S. Shahriar, Optics Express 22 No. 23, 28898-28913 (Nov, 2014)

"Optically controlled waveplate at a telecom wavelength using a ladder transition in Rb atoms for all-optical switching and high speed Stokesmetric imaging," Subramanian Krishnamurthy, Y. Tu, Y. Wang, S. Tseng, M.S. Shahriar, Optics Express 22 No. 23, 28898-28913 (Nov, 2014)

“Improved Upper Limits on the Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background from 2009–2010 LIGO and Virgo Data,” J. Aasi, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 113, 231101 (Dec, 2014)

“An N-atom Collective State Atomic Interferometer with Ultra-High Compton Frequency and Ultra-Short de Broglie Wavelength, with root-N reduction in Fringe Width,” R. Sarkar, M. E. Kim, R. Fang, and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. A 92, 063612 (2015)

“Effect of Multi-Order Harmonics in a Double-Raman Pumped Gain Medium For a Superluminal Laser,” Y. Wang, Z. Zhou, J. Yablon, and M. S. Shahriar, Opt. Eng. 54(5), 057106 (2015)

“An N-atom Collective State Atomic Clock with Root-N Fold Increase in Effective Frequency and Root-N Fold Reduction in Fringe Width,“ M. E. Kim, R. Sarkar, R. Fang, and M.S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. A 91, 063629 (2015)

“High-speed modulation in ladder transitions in Rb atoms using high-pressure buffer gas ,” S. Krishnamurthy, Y. Wang, Y. Tu, S. Tseng, and M.S. Shahriar, Optics Express, Vol. 23, Issue 9, pp. 11470-11482 (2015).

“Computational Studies of Light Shift in Raman-Ramsey Interference-Based Atomic Clock,” G. S. Pati, Z. Warren, N. Yu, and M.S. Shahriar, Journal of Optical Society of America B, Vol. 32, Issue 3, pp. 388-394 (2015)

"Rydberg assisted light shift imbalance induced blockade in an atomic ensemble," Y. Tu, M. E. Kim, S. M. Shahriar, Optics Communications 339, pp 157-166 (2015)

“Effects of Non-idealities and Quantization of the Center of Mass Motion on Symmetric and Asymmetric Collective States in a Collective State Atomic Interferometer”, R. Sarkar, M. E. Kim, R. Fang, Y. Tu, and M.S. Shahriar, Journal of Modern Optics, Vol. 62, No. 15, 1253–1263 (2015)

“Quantum Noise Limits in White-Light-Cavity-Enhanced Gravitational Wave Detectors,” M. Zhou, Z. Zhou, and M.S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. D 92, 082002 (2015)

“Lasing dynamics of super and sub luminal lasers”, J. Scheuer and M.S. Shahriar, Opt. Express 23, 32350– 32365 (2015)

“Modeling and analysis of an ultra-stable subluminal laser,” Z. Zhou, J. Yablon, M. Zhou, Y. Wang, A. Heifetz, and M.S. Shahriar, Optics Communications, 358, 6–19 (2016)

“Catastrophic breakdown of the Caves model for quantum noise in some phase-insensitive linear amplifiers or attenuators based on atomic systems,” M. Zhou, Z. Zhou, and M.S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. A 93, 033858 (2016)

“Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 116, 061102 (2016)

“GW150914: The Advanced LIGO Detectors in the Era of First Discoveries,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 131103 (2016)

“Properties of the Binary Black Hole Merger GW150914,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 241102 (2016)

“Tests of General Relativity with GW150914,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 221101 (2016)

“GW150914: Implications for the Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background from Binary Black Holes,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 131102 (2016)

“GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 241103 (2016)

“All Optical Three Dimensional Spatio-Temporal Correlator for Automatic Event Recognition using a Multi-photon Atomic System, ” M.S. Monjur, M.F. Fouda and S.M. Shahriar, Optics Communications, Volume 381, 15 December 2016, pp 418-432 (2016)

“Generation of Arbitrary Lithographic Patterns Using BEC Interferometry,” M.F. Fouda, R. Fang, J. B. Ketterson, and M.S. Shahriar, to appear in Phys. Rev. A (2016)

“Theoretical modeling and experimental demonstration of Raman probe induced spectral dip for realizing a superluminal laser,” J. Yablon, Z. Zhou, M. Zhou, Y. Wang, S. Tseng, and M.S. Shahriar, Optics Express, Vol. 24, No. 24, 27446 (2016)

“GW170814: A three-detector observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole coalescence,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 119, 141101 (2017)

“GW170817: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Neutron Star Inspiral,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 119, 161101 (2017).

“A gravitational-wave standard siren measurement of the Hubble constant,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar et al., Nature 551, 85 (2017).

“Fast-light Enhanced Brillouin Laser Based Active Fiber Optic Sensor for Simultaneous Measurement of Rotation and Strain,” M. Zhou, Z. Zhou, M. Fouda, N.J. Condon, J. Scheuer, and M.S. Shahriar, Journal of Lightwave Technology, 35 (23), 5222 (2017).

“Demonstration of a Slow Laser with Extreme Suppression of Sensitivity to Cavity Perturbation and Ultra-small Schwalow-Townes Linewidth.” J. Yablon, Z. Zhou, N. J. Condon, D. J. Hileman, S. C. Tseng, and M.S. Shahriar, Optics Express, **25** (24), 30327 (2017).

“Realization of a Gain with Electromagnetically Induced Transparency System using Non-degenerate Zeeman Sublevels in 87Rb,” M. Zhou, Z. Zhou, and S.M. Shahriar, Optics Communications, 402, 382–388 (2017)

“First Search for Nontensorial Gravitational Waves from Known Pulsars,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 120, 031104 (2018)

“GW170817: Implications for the Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background from Compact Binary Coalescences,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 120, 091101 (2018)

“Search for Tensor, Vector, and Scalar Polarizations in the Stochastic Gravitational-Wave Background,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 120, 201102 (2018)

“GW170817: Measurements of Neutron Star Radii and Equation of State,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 121, 161101 (2018)

“Search for sub-solar mass ultracompact binaries in Advanced LIGO's first observing run,” B.P. Abbott, M.S. Shahriar, et al., Phys. Rev. Letts. 121, 231103 (2018)

“Optomechanical resonator as a negative dispersion medium for enhancing the sensitivity bandwidth in a gravitational-wave detector,” M. Zhou and M.S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. D 98, 022003 (2018)

“Phase-locked bifrequency Raman lasing in a double-Λ system,” Hadiseh Alaeian and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. A 97, 053829 (2018)

“Effect of cascaded Brillouin lasing due to resonant pumps in a superluminal fiber ring laser gyroscope,” M.F. Fouda, M. Zhou, H.N. Yum, and M.S. Shahriar, Opt. Eng. 57(10), 107108 (2018)

“Pulsed Coherent Population Trapping with Repeated Queries for Producing Single-Peaked High Contrast Ramsey Interference, Z. Warren, M. S. Shahriar, R. Tripathi, and G. S. Pati, Journal of Applied Physics 123, 053101 (2018)

“High-Compton-frequency, parity-independent, mesoscopic Schrödinger-cat-state atom interferometer with Heisenberg-limited sensitivity,” R. Sarkar, R. Fang and M.S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. A 98, 013636 (2018)