Faculty Directory
Wendy M. Murray

Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


2145 Sheridan Road
Tech M313
Evanston, IL 60208-3109

Email Wendy Murray




Biomedical Engineering


Ph.D. Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

M.S. Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

B.S. Mathematics (summa cum laude), University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN

Research Interests

The foundation for Dr. Murray’s work is the development of biomechanical models that accurately represent the mechanical actions of the upper extremity muscles. The models and corresponding anatomical databases that Dr. Murray has shared with the scientific community have been cited hundreds of times. The main thrust of her current research is the application of these models to better understand and, ultimately, to help improve function of the disabled upper limb. Her work has relevance over a broad scope, including basic motor control, the design of control systems for exoskeletons and upper limb prosthetics, restoration of hand and arm function following cervical spinal cord injury, rehabilitation of hand and arm function following stroke, orthopaedic interventions for osteoarthritis, and prevention of injuries in baseball pitching.

Selected Publications

  • Adkins, Amy N.; Dewald, Julius P.A.; Garmirian, Lindsay P.; Nelson, Christa M.; Murray, Wendy M., Serial sarcomere number is substantially decreased within the paretic biceps brachii in individuals with chronic hemiparetic stroke, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 118(26).
  • Adkins, Amy N.; Murray, Wendy M., Obtaining quality extended field-of-view ultrasound images of skeletal muscle to measure muscle fascicle length, Journal of Visualized Experiments 2020(166):1-16.
  • Blana, Dimitra; Van Den Bogert, Antonie J.; Murray, Wendy M.; Ganguly, Amartya; Krasoulis, Agamemnon; Nazarpour, Kianoush; Chadwick, Edward K., Model-Based Control of Individual Finger Movements for Prosthetic Hand Function, IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering 28(3):612-620.
  • Peterson, Carrie L.; Bednar, Michael S.; Murray, Wendy M., Effect of biceps-to-triceps transfer on rotator cuff stress during upper limb weight-bearing lift in tetraplegia, Journal of Biomechanics 90:143-148.
  • Nelson, Christa M.; Murray, Wendy M.; Dewald, Julius P.A., Motor Impairment–Related Alterations in Biceps and Triceps Brachii Fascicle Lengths in Chronic Hemiparetic Stroke, Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair 32(9):799-809.
  • Barry, Alexander J.; Murray, Wendy M.; Kamper, Derek G., Development of a dynamic index finger and thumb model to study impairment, Journal of Biomechanics 77:206-210.
  • Binder-Markey, Benjamin I.; Murray, Wendy M., Incorporating the length-dependent passive-force generating muscle properties of the extrinsic finger muscles into a wrist and finger biomechanical musculoskeletal model, Journal of Biomechanics 61:250-257.
  • Adkins, Amy N.; Franks, Patrick W.; Murray, Wendy M., Demonstration of extended field-of-view ultrasound's potential to increase the pool of muscles for which in vivo fascicle length is measurable, Journal of Biomechanics 63:179-185.