Faculty Directory
Wendy M. Murray

Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


2145 Sheridan Road
Tech M313
Evanston, IL 60208-3109

Email Wendy Murray




Biomedical Engineering


Ph.D. Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

M.S. Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

B.S. Mathematics (summa cum laude), University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN

Research Interests

The foundation for Dr. Murray’s work is the development of biomechanical models that accurately represent the mechanical actions of the upper extremity muscles. The models and corresponding anatomical databases that Dr. Murray has shared with the scientific community have been cited hundreds of times. The main thrust of her current research is the application of these models to better understand and, ultimately, to help improve function of the disabled upper limb. Her work has relevance over a broad scope, including basic motor control, the design of control systems for exoskeletons and upper limb prosthetics, restoration of hand and arm function following cervical spinal cord injury, rehabilitation of hand and arm function following stroke, orthopaedic interventions, and prevention of injuries in baseball pitching.

Selected Publications

  • McFarland, Daniel C.; Binder-Markey, Benjamin I.; Nichols, Jennifer A.; Wohlman, Sarah J.; De Bruin, Marije; Murray, Wendy M., A Musculoskeletal Model of the Hand and Wrist Capable of Simulating Functional Tasks, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering (2023).
  • Budzikowski, Jorie D.; Murray, Wendy M., Multi-sweep 3-dimensional ultrasound is accurate for in vivo muscle volume quantification, expanding use to larger muscles, Journal of Biomechanics (2023).
  • McFarland, Daniel C.; Wohlman, Sarah J.; Murray, Wendy M., Corrigendum to “Bridging the gap between cadaveric and in vivo experiments, Journal of Biomechanics (2022).
  • McFarland, Daniel C.; Nichols, Jennifer A.; Bednar, Michael S.; Wohlman, Sarah J.; Murray, Wendy M., Corrigendum to “Connecting the wrist to the hand, Journal of Biomechanics (2022).
  • Adkins, Amy N.; Fong, Ryan M.; Dewald, Julius P.A.; Murray, Wendy M., Variability of in vivo Sarcomere Length Measures in the Upper Limb Obtained With Second Harmonic Generation Microendoscopy, Frontiers in Physiology (2022).
  • Adkins, Amy N.; Dewald, Julius P.A.; Garmirian, Lindsay P.; Nelson, Christa M.; Murray, Wendy M., Serial sarcomere number is substantially decreased within the paretic biceps brachii in individuals with chronic hemiparetic stroke, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 118(26) (2021).
  • Adkins, Amy N.; Murray, Wendy M., Obtaining quality extended field-of-view ultrasound images of skeletal muscle to measure muscle fascicle length, Journal of Visualized Experiments 2020(166):1-16 (2020).
  • Blana, Dimitra; Van Den Bogert, Antonie J.; Murray, Wendy M.; Ganguly, Amartya; Krasoulis, Agamemnon; Nazarpour, Kianoush; Chadwick, Edward K., Model-Based Control of Individual Finger Movements for Prosthetic Hand Function, IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering 28(3):612-620 (2020).