Faculty Directory
Wendy M. Murray

Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


2145 Sheridan Road
Tech M313
Evanston, IL 60208-3109

Email Wendy Murray




Biomedical Engineering


Ph.D. Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

M.S. Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

B.S. Mathematics (summa cum laude), University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN

Research Interests

The foundation for Dr. Murray’s work is the development of biomechanical models that accurately represent the mechanical actions of the upper extremity muscles. The models and corresponding anatomical databases that Dr. Murray has shared with the scientific community have been cited hundreds of times. The main thrust of her current research is the application of these models to better understand and, ultimately, to help improve function of the disabled upper limb. Her work has relevance over a broad scope, including basic motor control, the design of control systems for exoskeletons and upper limb prosthetics, restoration of hand and arm function following cervical spinal cord injury, rehabilitation of hand and arm function following stroke, orthopaedic interventions for osteoarthritis, and prevention of injuries in baseball pitching.

Selected Publications

  • Perreault, Eric J.; Murray, Wendy M.; Mogk, Jeremy P.M.; Rogers, Lynn M.; Stinear, James W., “Corticomotor excitability of arm muscles modulates according to static position and orientation of the upper limb”, Clinical Neurophysiology, (2014)
  • Perreault, Eric J.; Murray, Wendy M.; Krepkovich, Eileen T.; Peterson, Carrie L.; Riley, Zachary A., “Withdrawal reflexes in the upper limb adapt to arm posture and stimulus location”, Muscle and Nerve, (2014)
  • Murray, Wendy M.; Buffi, James H.; Crisco, Joseph J., “A method for defining carpometacarpal joint kinematics from three-dimensional rotations of the metacarpal bones captured in vivo using computed tomography”, Journal of Biomechanics, (2013)
  • Murray, Wendy M.; Wohlman, Sarah J., “Bridging the gap between cadaveric and in vivo experiments: A biomechanical model evaluating thumb-tip endpoint forces”, Journal of Biomechanics, (2013)
  • Nichols, Jennifer A.; Bednar, Michael S.; Murray, Wendy M., “Orientations of wrist axes of rotation influence torque required to hold the hand against gravity: A simulation study of the nonimpaired and surgically salvaged wrist”, Journal of Biomechanics, (2013)
  • C. M. Goehler and W. M. Murray, “Computational development of Jacobian matrices for complex spatial manipulators”, Advances in Engineering Software, (2012)
  • Perreault, E. J.; Hu, X.; Murray, W. M., “Biomechanical constraints on the feedforward regulation of endpoint stiffness”, Journal of Neurophysiology, (2012)
  • Saul, K. R., Delp, S. L., Gold, G. E., and Murray, W. M. Edited by V.R. Preedy, “Upper Limb Muscle Volumes in Adults. In: Handbook of Anthropometry: Physical Measures of Human Form in Health and Disease”, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, (2011)
  • JPM Mogk;ME Johanson;VR Hentz;KR Saul;WM Murray, “A simulation analysis of the combined effects of muscle strength and surgical tensioning on lateral pinch force following brachioradialis to flexor pollicis longus transfer”, Journal of Biomechanics, (2011)