Faculty Directory
Vinayak P. Dravid

Abraham Harris Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

Founding Director, Northwestern University Atomic and Nanoscale Characterization (NUANCE) Center

Founding Director, Soft and Hybrid Nanotechnology Experimental (SHyNE) Resource, an NSF-NNCI Node


2145 Sheridan Road
Tech Institute, AB Wing A190
Evanston, IL 60208

Email Vinayak Dravid


The VPD Group


Northwestern University Atomic and Nanoscale Characterization (NUANCE) Center


Materials Science and Engineering


PhD Program in Applied Physics


Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA

B.S. Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India

Research Interests

The properties and performance of materials - whether physical or biological or hybrid -  are dictated by complex atomic and nanoscale architecture and associated phenomena. Our research is geared towards not only their understanding but manipulation and tailring to yield favorable response and behavior. Such materials include nanostructures, especially inorganic/organic hybrids, and phenomena oftenr revolve around various defects and their dynamic behavior. Thus, the core theme in Dravid group is the paradigm for "Form-Function" and "Structure-Property" relationship in diverse materials.

On one front, we are investigating the patterning and characterization of complex multicomponent nanostructured materials such as metal/alloy nanocrystals, biomolecular nanopatterns (DNA/proteins), interfaces between inorganic nanostructures and biomolecules, etc. These structures possess unique and novel morphologies and chemistry, and their electronic structure alsdepends on size and shape. We are exploring applications of such structures, including drug delivery, bio-diagnostics and bio-chem sensing.

We are also involved in atomic-scale structure-property relationship for internal interfaces, domains and mosaics. In a large number of material systems, such as electroceramics, semiconductors, superlattices, and structural composites, the property and performance of the bulk material are intimately connected to the structure, chemistry, and electronic structure of interfaces.

The philosophy of our approach is based on sound fundamental foundation of complex phenomena, liberal use of advanced instrumentation and techniques and quest for proof-of-concepts for devices as well.

Significant Recognition

  • Fellow, Royal Microscopical Society (RMS), 2017
  • Elected Honorary Member, Indian Institute of Metals, 2014
  • IIT Bombay Distinguished Alumnus Award, 2012
  • Lee Hsun Research Fellowship, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2012
  • Elected Fellow, American Associated for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2010
  • Elected Fellow, Materials Research Society (MRS), 2010
  • Elected Fellow, American Physical Society (APS), 2010
  • Microscopy Society of America (MSA) Fellowship, 2009, Inception Class
  • Election to Faculty Honor Roll: NU Associated Student Government, 2008-2010
  • Richard M. Fulrath Award, (ACerS), 2008
  • 6th McBain Memorial Award, NCL, India, 2007
  • First McCormick Faculty Excellence Award, 2006
  • Elected Fellow, American Ceramic Society (ACerS), 2003
  • National Institutes of Health Sabbatical Faculty Fellowship, 2001-2002
  • Teacher of the Year, 2001-2002
  • ASM-IIM Visiting Faculty Fellow, 2001
  • Distinguished Alumni Service Award, IIT Bombay, India, 2001
  • Kurt Heinrich Award, Microbeam Analysis Society, 1998
  • R. L. Coble Award for Young Scholars, American Ceramic Society (ACerS), 1998
  • Burton Medal, Microscopy Society of America (MSA), 1996
  • IBM Faculty Development Award, 1995
  • Exxon Foundation Fellowship, 1995
  • National Science Foundation (NSF) Young Investigator Award, 1993–1998

Significant Professional Service

  • Founder and Co-Director, Global McCormick Initiative (GMI)
  • Founding Director, Soft and Hybrid Nanotechnology Experimental (SHyNE) Resource, an NSF-NNCI Node
  • Member, Australian Microscopy and Microanalysis, Research Facility (AMMRF) International Technical and User Advisory Group
  • Member, Space Studies Board of the National Academy of Sciences
  • Member, Science Advisory Committee, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Member 2010-2014, Chair 2014-2016
  • Member, Scientific Advisory Committee, Argonne National Laboratory Center for Nanoscale Materials, 2016-Present
  • Member, Argonne National Laboratory Scientific Steering Committee for Ultrafast Electron Microscopy, 2017-Present
  • Chair, 2016 National Science Foundation Nanoscale Science & Engineering Conference Reviewer and Panelist for National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, and Department of Defense
  • Reviewer for Applied Physics Letters, Physical Review Letters, Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Nature, Science, Acta Materialia, Journal of Materials Research, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, and Nano Letters
  • Editor, Journal of Materials Research, MRS Flagship Journal
  • Past Editor, Microscopy & Microanalysis, MSA Flagship Journal
  • Current Editorial Board, Journal of Microscopy
  • Past Editor, Journal of Materials Research
  • Editoral Board, Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science
  • Co-Founder and Steering Committee Member, International Institute for Nanotechnology (IIN)
  • Professional Memberships: American Ceramic Society (ACerS), Materials Research Society (MRS), Microbeam Analysis Society (MAS), Microscopy Society of America (MSA), ASM International, The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (TMS), American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), American Chemical Society (ACS), American Physics Society (APS), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IEEE), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE), Royal Microscopical Society (RMS), Chicago Council on Global Affairs, Sigma XI

Selected Publications

  • Gangjian Tan, Xiaomi Zhang, Shiqiang Hao, Hang Chi, Trevor P. Bailey, Xianli Su, Ctirad Uher, Vinayak P Dravid, Christopher M Wolverton, Mercouri Kanatzidis, “ Enhanced Density-of-States Effective Mass and Strained Endotaxial Nanostructures in Sb-Doped Pb 0.97 Cd 0.03 Te Thermoelectric Alloys ”, ACS applied materials & interfaces, (2019)
  • Yaobin Xu, Ji Hyeon Park, Zhenpeng Yao, Christopher M Wolverton, Manijeh Razeghi, Jinsong Wu, Vinayak P Dravid, “ Strain-Induced Metastable Phase Stabilization in Ga 2 O 3 Thin Films ”, ACS applied materials & interfaces, (2019)
  • Cesar Villa, Sungkyu Kim, Yixue Lu, Vinayak P Dravid, Jinsong Wu, “Cu-Substituted NiF2 as a Cathode Material for Li-Ion Batteries”, ACS applied materials & interfaces, (2019)
  • Vikas Nandwana, Soo Ryoon Ryoo, Tiffany Zheng, Marisa M. You, Vinayak P Dravid, “Magnetic Nanostructure-Coated Thermoresponsive Hydrogel Nanoconstruct As a Smart Multimodal Theranostic Platform”, ACS Biomaterial Science and Engineering, (2019)
  • Qing Tu, Ioannis Spanopoulos, Shiqiang Hao, Christopher M Wolverton, Mercouri Kanatzidis, Gajendra S Shekhawat, Vinayak P Dravid, “Probing Strain-Induced Band Gap Modulation in 2D Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Perovskites”, ACS Energy Letters, (2019)
  • Poya Yasaei, Qing Tu, Yaobin Xu, Louisiane Verger, Jinsong Wu, Michel W. Barsoum, Gajendra S Shekhawat, Vinayak P Dravid, “ Mapping Hot Spots at Heterogeneities of Few-Layer Ti 3 C 2 MXene Sheets ”, ACS Nano, (2019)
  • Dimitry Papkov, Nicolas Delpouve, Laurent Delbreilh, Steven Araujo, Taylor Stockdale, Sergey Mamedov, Kaspars Maleckis, Yan Zou, Mohammad Nahid Andalib, Eric Dargent, Vinayak P Dravid, Martin V. Holt, Christian Pellerin, Yuris A. Dzenis, “Quantifying Polymer Chain Orientation in Strong and Tough Nanofibers with Low Crystallinity”, ACS Nano, (2019)
  • Yubo Luo, Songting Cai, Xia Hua, Haijie Chen, Qinghua Liang, Chengfeng Du, Yun Zheng, Junhua Shen, Jianwei Xu, Christopher M Wolverton, Vinayak P Dravid, Qingyu Yan, Mercouri Kanatzidis, “ High Thermoelectric Performance in Polycrystalline SnSe Via Dual-Doping with Ag/Na and Nanostructuring With Ag 8 SnSe 6 ”, Advanced Energy Materials, (2019)