Faculty Directory
Scott Barnett

Professor of Materials Science and Engineering


2220 Campus Drive
Cook Hall 2036
Evanston, IL 60208

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Scott Barnett Research Group


Materials Science and Engineering

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Ph.D. Metallurgy, University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign, IL

B.S. Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign, IL

Research Interests

Barnett has worked extensively on ceramic thin films and coatings, including hard coatings and transparent conducting oxides. In the area of energy research, Barnett has been studying solid oxide fuel cells for > 25 years. His general areas of interest in fuel cells include novel processing methods including 3D printing and thin electrolyte deposition, electrode reaction mechanisms, intermediate-temperature solid oxide cells, direct utilization of hydrocarbon fuels, 3D imaging of electrode microstructure, and reversible cells for energy storage. The 3D imaging work includes pioneering studies connecting electrode processing methods to the resulting microstructure and in turn to the electrochemical characteristics.  He has also worked on studies of Li ion battery electrodes, including 3D tomographic imaging.  Recent research includes studies of reversible solid oxide cells for energy storage applications, and combined electrochemical and microstructural studies of electrode evolution over time, important for predicting the long-term durability of electrochemical devices. He has published more than 250 scientific journal articles, many highly cited.


Significant Recognition

  • Fulbright award, 2015
  • Otto Mønsted Guest Professorship, Danish Technical University, 2013
  • Cheng Tsang Man Endowed Professorship, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 2008
  • Fellow, American Vacuum Society (AVS), 1998
  • Department Teacher of the Year, 1993
  • Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award, 1986

Selected Publications

    1 Sumi, H., Yamaguchi, T., Shimada, H., Hamamoto, K., Suzuki, T. & Barnett, S. A. Direct Butane Utilization on Ni-(Y2O3)0.08(ZrO2)0.92-(Ce0.9Gd0.1)O1.95 Composite Anode-Supported Microtubular Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Electrocatalysis 8, 288-293, doi:10.1007/s12678-017-0369-7 (2017).

    2 Railsback, J. G., Wang, H., Liu, Q., Lu, M. Y. & Barnett, S. A. Degradation of La0.6Sr0.4Fe0.8Co0.2O3-δ Oxygen Electrodes on Ce0.9Gd0.1O3-δ Electrolytes during Reversing Current Operation. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 164, F3083-F3090, doi:10.1149/2.0111710jes (2017).

    3 Nenning, A., Volgger, L., Miller, E., Mogni, L. V., Barnett, S. & Fleig, J. The Electrochemical Properties of Sr(Ti,Fe)O3-δ for Anodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 164, F364-F371, doi:10.1149/2.1271704jes (2017).

    4 Liu, Z., Han, K., Chen-Wiegart, Y.-c. K., Wang, J., Kung, H. H., Wang, J., Barnett, S. A. & Faber, K. T. X-ray nanotomography analysis of the microstructural evolution of LiMn 2 O 4 electrodes. Journal of Power Sources 360, 460-469, doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.06.027 (2017).

    5 Gao, Z., Wang, H., Miller, E. C., Liu, Q., Senn, D. & Barnett, S. A. Tape Casting of High-Performance Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Cells with Thin La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-delta Electrolytes and Impregnated Nano Anodes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, doi:10.1021/acsami.6b15224 (2017).

    6 Duffy, P. K., Beal, R. A., Layton, C. E., Barnett, S. A. & Mason, T. O. Solubility limits and LaGaO3 compatibility in the LaO1.5-GaO1.5-NiO ternary system. Journal of the American Ceramic Society 00, 1-7, doi:10.1111/jace.14702 (2017).

    7 Zhu, T., Fowler, D. E., Poeppelmeier, K. R., Han, M. & Barnett, S. A. Hydrogen Oxidation Mechanisms on Perovskite Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 163, F952-F961, doi:10.1149/2.1321608jes (2016).

    8 Zenou, V. Y., Fowler, D. E., Gautier, R., Barnett, S. A., Poeppelmeier, K. R. & Marks, L. D. Redox and phase behavior of Pd-substituted (La,Sr)CrO3 perovskite solid oxide fuel cell anodes. Solid State Ionics 296, 90-105, doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2016.09.006 (2016).

    9 Wang, H., Yakal-Kremski, K. J., Yeh, T., Rupp, G. M., Limbeck, A., Fleig, J. & Barnett, S. A. Mechanisms of Performance Degradation of (La,Sr)(Co,Fe)O3-δSolid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 163, F581-F585, doi:10.1149/2.0031607jes (2016).

    10 Scipioni, R., Jørgensen, P. S., Ngo, D.-T., Simonsen, S. B., Liu, Z., Yakal-Kremski, K. J., Wang, H., Hjelm, J., Norby, P., Barnett, S. A. & Jensen, S. H. Electron microscopy investigations of changes in morphology and conductivity of LiFePO4/C electrodes. Journal of Power Sources 307, 259-269, doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.119 (2016).

    11 Railsback, J., Hughes, G., Mogni, L., Montenegro-Hernández, A. & Barnett, S. High-Pressure Performance of Mixed-Conducting Oxygen Electrodes: Effect of Interstitial versus Vacancy Conductivity. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 163, F1433-F1439, doi:10.1149/2.1071613jes (2016).

    12 Liu, Z., Verhallen, T. W., Singh, D. P., Wang, H., Wagemaker, M. & Barnett, S. Relating the 3D electrode morphology to Li-ion battery performance; a case for LiFePO4. Journal of Power Sources 324, 358-367, doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.05.097 (2016).

    13 Liu, Z., Chen-Wiegart, Y. C., Wang, J., Barnett, S. A. & Faber, K. T. Three-Phase 3D Reconstruction of a LiCoO2 Cathode via FIB-SEM Tomography. Microsc Microanal 22, 140-148, doi:10.1017/S1431927615015640 (2016).

    14 Kennouche, D., Chen-Wiegart, Y.-c. K., Yakal-Kremski, K. J., Wang, J., Gibbs, J. W., Voorhees, P. W. & Barnett, S. A. Observing the microstructural evolution of Ni-Yttria-stabilized zirconia solid oxide fuel cell anodes. Acta Materialia 103, 204-210, doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2015.09.055 (2016).

    15 Kennouche, D., Chen-Wiegart, Y.-c. K., Riscoe, C., Wang, J. & Barnett, S. A. Combined electrochemical and X-ray tomography study of the high temperature evolution of Nickel – Yttria Stabilized Zirconia solid oxide fuel cell anodes. Journal of Power Sources 307, 604-612, doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.126 (2016).

    16 Gorai, P., Gao, D., Ortiz, B., Miller, S., Barnett, S. A., Mason, T., Lv, Q., Stevanović, V. & Toberer, E. S. TE Design Lab: A virtual laboratory for thermoelectric material design. Computational Materials Science 112, 368-376, doi:10.1016/j.commatsci.2015.11.006 (2016).

    17 Gao, Z., Mogni, L. V., Miller, E. C., Railsback, J. G. & Barnett, S. A Perspective On Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. Energy & Environmental Science, doi:10.1039/C5EE03858H (2016).

    18 Duffy, P. K., Barnett, S. A. & Mason, T. O. A Hemispherical Electrolyte Probe for Screening of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathode Materials. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 163, F802-F807, doi:10.1149/2.0341608jes (2016).

    19 Chen-Wiegart, Y.-c. K., Kennouche, D., Scott Cronin, J., Barnett, S. A. & Wang, J. Effect of Ni content on the morphological evolution of Ni-YSZ solid oxide fuel cell electrodes. Appl Phys Lett 108, 083903, doi:10.1063/1.4942459 (2016).

    20 Call, A. V., Railsback, J. G., Wang, H. & Barnett, S. A. Degradation of nano-scale cathodes: a new paradigm for selecting low-temperature solid oxide cell materials. Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP 18, 13216-13222, doi:10.1039/c6cp02590k (2016).

    21 Yan, J., Gorai, P., Ortiz, B., Miller, S., Barnett, S. A., Mason, T., Stevanović, V. & Toberer, E. S. Material descriptors for predicting thermoelectric performance. Energy Environ. Sci. 8, 983-994, doi:10.1039/c4ee03157a (2015).

    22 Wendel, C. H., Gao, Z., Barnett, S. A. & Braun, R. J. Modeling and experimental performance of an intermediate temperature reversible solid oxide cell for high-efficiency, distributed-scale electrical energy storage. Journal of Power Sources 283, 329-342, doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.02.113 (2015).

    23 Wang, H., Gao, Z. & Barnett, S. A. Anode-Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fabricated by Single Step Reduced-Temperature Co-Firing. Journal of The Electrochemical Society 163, F196-F201, doi:10.1149/2.03716023jes (2015).

    24 Sumi, H., Kennouche, D., Yakal-Kremski, K., Suzuki, T., Barnett, S. A., Miller, D. J., Yamaguchi, T., Hamamoto, K. & Fujishiro, Y. Electrochemical and microstructural properties of Ni–(Y2O3)0.08(ZrO2)0.92–(Ce0.9Gd0.1)O1.95 anode-supported microtubular solid oxide fuel cells. Solid State Ionics, doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2015.07.005 (2015).

    25 Railsback, J. G., Gao, Z. & Barnett, S. A. Oxygen electrode characteristics of Pr2NiO4+δ-infiltrated porous (La0.9Sr0.1)(Ga0.8Mg0.2)O3–δ. Solid State Ionics 274, 134-139, doi:10.1016/j.ssi.2015.03.030 (2015).

    26 Miller, E. C., Sherman, Q., Gao, Z., Voorhees, P. W. & Barnett, S. A. in SOFC-XIV   (ed S.C. Singhal) (ECS Transactions Glasgow, 2015).

    27 Jensen, S. H., Graves, C., Mogensen, M., Wendel, C., Braun, R., Hughes, G., Gao, Z. & Barnett, S. A. Large-scale electricity storage utilizing reversible solid oxide cells combined with underground storage of CO2and CH4. Energy Environ. Sci. 8, 2471 - 2479, doi:10.1039/c5ee01485a (2015).

    28 Hughes, G. A., Railsback, J. G., Yakal-Kremski, K. J., Butts, D. M. & Barnett, S. A. Degradation of (LaSr)MnO-ZrYO composite electrodes during reversing current operation. Faraday Discuss, doi:10.1039/c5fd00020c (2015).

    29 Gao, Z., Zenou, V., Kennouche, D., Marks, L. D. & Barnett, S. Characteristics of Solid Oxide Cells with Zirconia/Ceria Bi-Layer Electrolytes Fabricated Utilizing Reduced-Temperature Firing. J. Mater. Chem. A, doi:10.1039/c5ta01964h (2015).

    30 Fowler, D. E., Messner, A. C., Miller, E. C., Slone, B. W., Barnett, S. A. & Poeppelmeier, K. R. Decreasing the Polarization Resistance of (La,Sr)CrO3−δSolid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes by Combined Fe and Ru Substitution. Chem Mater, 150514130523002, doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00622 (2015).