McCormick School of Engineering, Northwestern University
Faculty Directory
Zdenek P. Bazant
McCormick Institute Professor, Walter P. Murphy Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Material Science and Engineering
2145 Sheridan Road
Tech A135
Evanston, IL 602083109
Education
C.E. ("Civil Engineer"), 1960, Civil Engineering Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
Ph.D., 1963, Engineering Mechanics Czechoslovak Academy of Science, Prague, Czech Republic
Postgraduate Diploma, 1966, Theoretical Physics, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
Docent (habilitatis), 1967, Concrete Structures, Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
Registration: Illinois Registered Structural Engineer (S.E.), since 1971
Research Interests
Our research interest lies in the mechanics of solids and structures, with applications in structural and mechanical engineering. Our group works mainly on fracture mechanics, size effects, and scaling of failure, stability of structures, micromechanics of damage in materials, inelastic constitutive laws, viscoelasticity, and creep and hygrothermal effects in nanoporous materials (chiefly cements).
We also conduct research on probabilistic mechanics, plasticity, finite strain theory, numerical methods, and materials testing.
Our research, which emphasizes mathematical modeling, has mainly dealt with concrete, rock, sea ice, fiber composites and soils, and, recently, with braided composites for cars, hybrid joints for ships, rigid foams, shape memory alloys and dry snow slabs.
Currently we focus on size effect, structural safety, probabilistic analysis of quasibrittle failure, including the tail distribution strength, and predictions of creep effects in concrete structures, with applications to fiberpolymer composites for aircraft and ships, metallic thin films, reinforced concrete structures and granular materials.
Significant Recognition
 Member NAS, NAE, AAAS and 5 European academics
 7 honorary doctorates (TU Prague, TU Karlsruhe, UC Boulder, Milan Poly, INSA, TU Vienne, Ohio State)
 ASME Timoshenko, Nadai & Warner Medals
 ASCE von Karman, Newmark, Biot and Croes Medals and TY Lin, Huber and Lifetime Achievement Awards
 SES Prager Medal and others
 Honorary Member of ASCE, ASME and ACI
Significant Professional Service
 Past President of Society of Engineering Sciences, FraMCoS and ConCreep
 Past EditorinChief of ASCE J. of Engineering Mechanics
 Officer of National Academy of Sciences (NAS), and Chair of several society committees
Selected Publications
 Bažant, Z.P., and Cedolin, L. (1991). Stability of Structures: Elastic, Inelastic, Fracture and Damage Theories, Oxford University Press, New York (3^{rd} ed., 2010, 1011 pp.).
 Bažant, Z.P., and Kaplan, M.F. (1996). Concrete at High Temperatures: Material Properties and Mathematical Models, Longman (AddisonWesley), London.
 Bažant, Z.P., and Planas, J. (1998). Fracture and Size Effect in Concrete and Other Quasibrittle Materials. CRC Press, BocRaton and London (616 pp.).
 Jirásek, M., and Bažant, Z.P. (2002). Inelastic Analysis of Structures. J. Wiley & Sons, London and New York (735 pp.).
 Bažant, Z.P. (2005). Scaling of Structural Strength. 2nd ed., Elsevier, London.
 Bažant, Z.P., and Jirásek, M. (2002). “Nonlocal integral formulations of plasticity and damage: Survey of progress”. ASCE J. of Engrg. Mechanics 128 (11), 11191149 (invited ASCE 150th anniversary article).
 Bažant, Z.P. (2010). “Can multiscalemultiphysics methods predict softening damage and structural failure?” Int. J. for Multiscale Computational Engrg. 8 (1) 6167.
 Bažant, Z.P. (1971). “correlation study of incremental deformations and stability of continuous bodies.” Journal of Applied Mechanics, Trans. ASME, 38, 919928.
 Bažant, Z.P. (1972). “Thermodynamics of interacting continuwith surfaces and creep analysis of concrete structures.” Nuclear Engineering and Design, 20, 477505.
 Bažant, Z.P., and Wu, S. T. (1974). “Thermoviscoelasticity of aging concrete.” J. Engrg. Mech. Div., Am. Soc. Civil Engrs., 100, EM3, 575597.
 Bažant, Z.P. (1976), “Instability, ductility, and size effect in strainsoftening concrete.” J. Engrg. Mech. Div., Am. Soc. Civil Engrs., 102, EM2, 331344.
 Bažant, Z.P., and Oh, B.H. (1983). “Crack band theory for fracture of concrete.” Materials and Structures (RILEM, Paris), 16, 155177.
 Bažant, Z.P. (1984). “Size effect in blunt fracture: Concrete, rock, metal.” J. of Engrg. Mechanics, ASCE, 110 (4), 518535.
 Bažant, Z.P., and PijaudierCabot, G. (1988). “Nonlocal continuum damage, localization instability and convergence.” ASME J. of Applied Mechanics, 55, 287293.
 Bažant, Z.P., and Kazemi, M.T. (1990). “Determination of fracture energy, process zone length and brittleness number from size effect, with application to rock and concrete.” Int. J. of Fracture, 44, 111131.
 Bažant, Z.P., and Baweja, S. (1995), in collaboration with RILEM Committee TC 107GCS, “Creep and shrinkage prediction model for analysis and design of concrete structuresmodel B3” (RILEM Recommendation 107GSC). Materials and Structures (RILEM, Paris) 28, 357365.
 Bažant, Z.P., and Li, YuanNeng (1995). “Stability of cohesive crack model: Part IEnergy principles.” Trans. ASME, J. of Applied Mechanics 62 (Dec.), 959964.
 Bažant, Z.P., Daniel, I.M., and Li, Zhengzhi (1996). “Size effect and fracture characteristics of composite laminates.” J. of Engrg. Materials and Technology ASME 118 (3), 317324.
 Bažant, Z.P., Hauggaard, A.B., Baweja, S., and Ulm, F.J. (1997). “Microprestresssolidification theory for concrete creep. I. Aging and drying effects”, J. of Engrg. Mech. ASCE 123 (11), 11881194.
 Bažant, Z.P., and Li, YuanNeng (1997). “Cohesive crack with ratedependent opening and viscoelasticity: I. mathematical model and scaling.” Int. J. of Fracture 86 (3), 247265.
 Bažant, Z.P., Caner, F.C., Carol, I., Adley, M.D., and Akers, S.A. (2000). “Microplane model M4 for concrete: I. Formulation with workconjugate deviatoric stress.” J. of Engrg. Mechanics ASCE 126 (9), 944953.
 Bažant, Z.P. (2002). “Scaling of sea ice fracturePart I: Vertical penetration.” J. of Applied Mechanics ASME 69 (Jan.), 1118.
 Bažant, Z.P. (2004). “Scaling theory for quasibrittle structural failure.” Proc., National Academy of Sciences 101 (37), 1340013407 (inaugural article).
 Bažant, Z.P., and Pang, S.D. (2006). “Mechanics based statistics of failure risk of quasibrittle structures and size effect on safety factors.” Proc. of the National Academy of
 Sciences 103(25), 94349439.
 Bažant, Z.P., and Pang, S.D. (2007). “Activation energy based extreme value statistics and size effect in brittle and quasibrittle fracture”. J. of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids 55, 91134.
 Bažant, Z.P., Le, J.L., Greening, F.R., and Benson, D.B. (2008). “What did and did not cause collapse of World Trade Center twin towers in New York?” J. of Engrg. Mechanics ASCE 134 (10) 892906.
 Bažant, Z.P., Le, J.L., and Bazant, M.Z. (2009), “Scaling of strength and lifetime probability distributions of quasibrittle structures based on atomistic fracture mechanics”, Proc. of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (28), 1148411489.
 Le, JiaLiang, Bažant, Z.P., and Bazant, M.L. (2009). “Subcritical crack growth law and its consequences for lifetime statistics and size effect of quasibrittle structures”, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 42, 214008 (8pp).
 Le, J.L., and Bažant, Z.P. (2010). “Scaling of Strength of MetalComposite Joints: II. Interface Fracture Analysis.” ASME J. of Applied Mechanics 77 (Jan.), pp. 01101210110127.
 Bažant, Z.P., Yu, Q., Li, G.H., Klein, G.J., and Kristek, V. (2010), “Excessive deflections of recordspan prestressed box girder: Lessons learned from the collapse of the KororBabeldaob Bridge in Palau.” ACI Concrete International 32 (6), June, 4452.
Selected papers in refereed journals (among 500+) and books
