Faculty Directory
Gregory B. Olson

Walter P. Murphy Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

Contact

2220 Campus Drive
Cook Hall 2036
Evanston, IL 60208-3109

Email Gregory Olson

Website

The Steel Research Group


Departments

Materials Science and Engineering

Education

Sc.D. MIT, Cambridge, MA

M.S. MIT, Cambridge, MA

B.S. MIT, Cambridge, MA


Research Interests

We are integrating fundamental principles of processing/structure/property/performance relations within a systems engineering framework. Science-based design produces dynamic, multilevel, structured systems for new materials. Mechanistic models for both displacive martensitic and diffusional precipitation reactions are provided from theoretical and experimental study of first-order phase transformations in model alloy systems. We apply kinetics-based constitutive relations for martensitically transforming materials to numerical modeling of shape memory behaviors and transformation toughening mechanisms in ductile solids. These incorporate interactions with microvoid nucleation processes and plastic flow localization.

Our interdisciplinary collaborations include quantum-mechanical investigations of the chemical basis of intergranular fracture resistance. We integrate principles into materials system designs through computational thermodynamics and numerical kinetic modeling. Prototype high-performance alloy steels have demonstrated record property combinations, and the design methodology is now being extended to intermetallic composites, ceramics, and polymers, including biomimetic design concepts.


Significant Recognition

  • Foreign Associate, Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Science (2013)
  • TMS Morris Cohen Award (2013)
  • Member, AAAS (2012)
  • Fellow, TMS-AIME (2001)
  • Fellow, ASM (1990)
  • MS-SMD Distinguished Scientist/Engineer Award
  • Technology of the Year Award, Industry Week (1998)
  • NASA Technology Recognition Award (1994)
  • M. R. Tenenbaum Award of ISS-AIME (1993)
  • J. Wallenberg Foundation Award, Sweden (1993)
  • Featured (as Director of the multi-institutional Steel Research Group) on a PBS-TV Infinite Voyage special (1991)
  • Army Materials Special Service Award (1988)
  • NSF Research Creativity Award (1983)

Selected Publications

  • Olson, Gregory B.; Sebastian, Jason T., “Examples of QuesTek innovations' application of ICME to materials design, development, and rapid qualification”, 55th AIAA/ASMe/ASCE/AHS/SC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, (2014)
  • Prasannavenkatesan, R.; Olson, Gregory B.; Salajegheh, Nima; McDowell, David L.; Jou, Herng-Jeng, “Finite element simulation of shielding/intensification effects of primary inclusion clusters in high strength steels under fatigue loading”, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Transactions of the ASME, (2014)
  • Olson, G.B.; Kuehmann, C.J., “Materials genomics: From CALPHAD to flight”, Scripta Materialia, (2014)
  • Olson, G.B., “Preface to the viewpoint set on: The Materials Genome”, Scripta Materialia, (2014)
  • Grabowski, Jeff; Sebastian, Jason; Olson, Greg; Asphahani, Aziz; Genellie Jr., Raymond, “Integrated computational materials engineering helps successfully develop aerospace alloys”, Advanced Materials and Processes, (2013)
  • Gupta, D.; Olson, G.B., “Tribute to Professor D. S. Lieberman: On the importance of being invariant”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, (2013)
  • Olson, Gregory B.; Tang, Shan; Kopacz, Adrian M.; Liu, Wing Kam; Chan O'Keeffe, Stephanie, “Three-dimensional ductile fracture analysis with a hybrid multiresolution approach and microtomography”, Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, (2013)
  • Olson, G.B., “Integrated computational materials design: From genome to flight”, 54th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, (2013)