Faculty Directory
Robert Chang

Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

Director, Materials Research Institute


2220 Campus Drive
Cook Hall 2036; Office - Cook 2011
Evanston, IL 60208

Email Robert Chang


Robert Chang's Homepage


Materials Research Institute


Materials Science and Engineering

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science


Post-doc, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

Ph.D. Plasma Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

S.B. Physics, MIT, Cambridge, MA

Research Interests

Our group focuses on the following studies: 

Unconventional Solar Cell Design, Fabrication and Analysis: Using state-of-the-art materials science and technology approaches, we are constructing one of a kind high efficiency solar cells.

Nanostructured Carbon Sheets, Tubes and Molecules: Recently we developed a technique whereby large quantities of nano-structured carbon materials can be grown at high temperatures. These very high-quality nanomaterials have been used to fabricate flat panel displays and energy-generation and storage devices. 

Photonic crystals: The fabrication of ZnO-based photonic crystals that can also lase has been an important part of the group research. We are currently imbedding quantum dots into these materials to study resonant effects for highly sensitive detection of molecules. 

Amorphous Semiconducting Oxide Films: We have been studying a class of unique complex amorphous oxide films which have high optical transparency and electron mobility. A fundamental understanding of this exotic material system will lead to the development of a new generation of transparent field effect integrated circuits and energy systems. 

Nanostructured Plasmonic Materials in the Infrared: We have started the investigation of 2-D and 3D oxide-based plasmonic materialsfor the purpose of molecular detection and manipulation in the infrared region of the spectrum.  This effort will advance the understanding of molecular chemistry and dynamics.

Significant Recognition

  • Materials Research Society (MRS): President, 1989; Fellow, 2008; Woody Award, 1987; Councilor, 1986-8 & 1992-4
  • Honorary Member of Materials Research Societies of India, Japan and Korea
  • Siu Lien Ling Wong Fellow, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1999
  • Fellow, American Vacuum Society
  • NSF Director's Distinguished Teaching Scholar Award, 2005

Significant Professional Service

  • Member, International Advisory Board of NIMS, Japan
  • Member, "Visionary Board" of MINATEC, CEA, France
  • General Secretary & Founding President, International Union of Materials Research Societies (IUMRS)

Selected Publications

  • Ma, Q.; Dravid, Vinayak P.; Buchholz, Donald B.; Zhou, Nanjia; et al., “Ultra-Flexible, "Invisible" Thin-Film Transistors Enabled by Amorphous Metal Oxide/Polymer Channel Layer Blends”, Advanced Materials, (2015)
  • Chang, Robert P. H.; Li, Shi-Qiang; Ketterson, John B.; Sakoda, Kazuaki, “Broadband resonances in indium-tin-oxide nanorod arrays”, Applied Physics Letters, (2015)
  • Buchholz, D.B.; Chang, R.P.H.; Mason, T.O.; Yeh, T.C.; Zhu, Q., “Amorphous transparent conducting oxides in context: Work function survey, trends, and facile modification”, Applied Surface Science, (2015)
  • Voorhees, Peter W.; Mason, Thomas O.; Proffit, Diana E.; Ma, Qing; Bedzyk, Michael J., “Thermal stability of amorphous Zn-In-Sn-O films”, Journal of Electroceramics, (2015)
  • Bedzyk, Michael J.; Zhou, Nanjia; Lee, Byunghong; Butler, Melanie R.; et al., “Metal-Free Tetrathienoacene Sensitizers for High-Performance Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells”, Journal of the American Chemical Society, (2015)
  • Buchholz, D. Bruce; Chang, Robert P. H.; Medvedeva, Julia E.; Khanal, Rabi, “Composition-dependent structural and transport properties of amorphous transparent conducting oxides”, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, (2015)
  • Chang, R.P.H.; Ketterson, J.B.; Sklenar, J.; Tucciarone, P.; Tice, D., “Ferromagnetic resonance in a topographically modulated permalloy film”, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, (2015)
  • Zhou, Nanjia; Guo, Xugang; Loser, Stephen; Kim, Myung-Gil; Jin, Hosub, “Amorphous oxide alloys as interfacial layers with broadly tunable electronic structures for organic photovoltaic cells”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, (2015)